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Physical Therapy | Balance

Balancing Act: The Best Exercises to Improve Balance and How Physical Therapy Can Help

September 8th, 2023 | 5 min. read

Balancing Act: The Best Exercises to Improve Balance and How Physical Therapy Can Help
Allison Schmidt

Allison Schmidt

Licensed Physical Therapist, PT, DPT // EW Pilates Instructor // EW Yoga Instructor // LSVT – Big Certification // Credentialed APTA Clinical Instructor // EW Motion Therapy Homewood

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Balance is a fundamental aspect of our daily lives, often taken for granted until it declines with age or due to injury. Maintaining balance is essential for everyday tasks, such as walking, climbing stairs, or standing still. Physical therapy is an excellent intervention to help you improve balance in a safe environment, especially if you are at an increased risk of falls - our team helps our clients balance better every day at EW Motion Therapy. But even if you decide that our physical therapy doesn’t fit your needs, you can still read on as we explore the importance of balance, highlight some of the best exercises to improve it, and discuss how physical therapy can be a valuable resource in enhancing your stability. 


Download our Physical Therapy Q&A Here! 


Why balance matters

Before diving into the best exercises to improve balance, let's understand why balance is crucial for overall well-being:


  1. Fall prevention: Balance is critical to preventing falls, especially among older adults. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), falls are the leading cause of injury-related deaths among seniors. Working on your balance can significantly reduce the risk of falls and the potential for severe injuries.
  2. Functional independence: Good balance is the foundation of functional independence. It enables you to perform daily activities efficiently and confidently, whether reaching for items on a high shelf, bending to tie your shoes, or navigating uneven terrain during a nature hike.
  3. Better posture: Balance and posture are closely linked. Improving your balance can help you maintain a more upright and aligned posture, reducing the risk of musculoskeletal issues like back pain and poor spinal alignment.
  4. Enhanced athletic performance: Athletes, from gymnasts to football players, rely on balance. Improving balance can boost athletic prowess, agility, and coordination.


Now that we understand balance’s significance let’s explore some practical exercises to help you achieve it.


Best exercises to improve balance

If you want to try exercises to improve your balance, here are a few ideas. If you have any concerns about your fall risk, discuss these exercises with your doctor or physical therapist before you begin and complete them in a safe, observed environment.


  1. Single-leg stance

   - Stand on one leg while keeping the other slightly bent at the knee.

   - Hold this position for 30 seconds to 1 minute.

   - Switch to the other leg.


This exercise challenges your balance and strengthens the muscles responsible for your legs and core stability.


  1. Heel-to-toe walk

   - Walk in a straight line, placing the heel of one foot directly in front of the toes of the other.

   - Maintain this heel-to-toe pattern for about 20 steps.


This exercise mimics a sobriety test and enhances your dynamic balance and coordination.


  1. Tai chi

   - Tai chi is a graceful form of martial arts that focuses on slow, flowing movements.

   - Regular tai chi practice improves balance, flexibility, and mental concentration.


Tai chi offers a holistic approach to balance improvement, combining physical and mental elements.


  1. Yoga

   - Yoga poses can challenge balance while promoting strength and flexibility.

   - Yoga also incorporates mindfulness, which helps improve mental focus and stability.


Yoga provides a balanced approach to physical and mental well-being, making it an excellent choice for enhancing overall stability.


  1. Bosu ball exercises

   - Perform squats, lunges, or even planks on a Bosu ball.

   - The unstable surface engages your core and lower body muscles, improving balance and stability.


Bosu ball exercises offer a unique way to challenge your balance by introducing an element of instability.


  1. Resistance band workouts

   - Use resistance bands for lateral leg raises or standing leg curls.

   - The resistance adds difficulty, forcing you to engage and stabilize your muscles.


Resistance bands provide a scalable way to enhance balance and strength simultaneously.


How physical therapy can help

Physical therapy is a valuable resource for individuals looking to improve their balance, especially if they have specific medical conditions or injuries that affect stability. Here's how physical therapy can assist in your journey to better balance:


  1. Individualized assessment: A physical therapist will comprehensively evaluate the factors contributing to your balance issues. This assessment includes reviewing your medical history, strength, flexibility, and joint mobility.
  2. Customized exercise programs: The physical therapist will create a personalized exercise program tailored to your needs and goals based on your assessment. These exercises will target your weaknesses and progressively challenge your balance.
  3. Technique guidance: A physical therapist will ensure that you perform exercises correctly, reducing the risk of injury and maximizing the effectiveness of your balance training.
  4. Progress monitoring: Physical therapists track your progress throughout rehabilitation, adjusting your program to ensure continued improvement.
  5. Fall prevention strategies: For those at risk of falls, physical therapists can teach specific strategies and techniques to minimize the chances of tripping or losing balance.
  6. Education and awareness: Physical therapy sessions often include education on maintaining good posture, body mechanics, and understanding of your surroundings, all of which contribute to better balance.
  7. Pain management: Physical therapists can provide pain management strategies, such as manual therapy and modalities like heat or ice, if the pain is a factor in your balance issues.


Balance is vital to our lives, impacting everything from daily activities to overall well-being. By incorporating exercises to improve balance into your routine and seeking the guidance of a physical therapist when needed, you can enhance your stability and reduce the risk of falls and injuries, regardless of your age or fitness level. Physical therapy can provide a safe environment to improve your balance - our team at EW Motion Therapy can assess your balance and create a treatment plan perfect for your needs and goals. If you’re curious about what else physical therapy can do for you, click the button below to download our answers to 20 frequently asked questions.


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